On April 16, 1746, at Culloden Moor outside of
Inverness, a British Force under the command of the Duke of Cumberland defeated an army of Scottish clansmen under the leadership of Bonnie Prince Charlie.
Historians record Culloden as the last military battle on British soil – I guess they put German air raids during the two world wars in a different category. Regardless, it was the last time a Scottish Army and an English Army – please ignore the fact that there were Scots and English on both sides – met in armed conflict against one another.
For Scots, the battle marks the beginning of period of intense persecution by the English. Following the battle, the Duke of Cumberland initiated a ruthless policy of “pacification” against the highland Scots that earned him the title of “Butcher.” The English government destroyed the old clan system, banned the kilt and tartan, and ultimately drove countless Scots from their native land, my ancestors among them.
Today, Culloden is one of the many reminders of
’s never ending struggle against the English. Another is painted on the wall of the National Museum of Scotland in Scotland Edinburgh, words from The Declaration of Arbroath, ’s Declaration of Independence written in 1320. “For so long as one hundred men remain alive, we shall never under any conditions submit to the domination of the English. It is not for glory or riches or honours that we fight, but only for liberty, which no good man will consent to lose but with his life.” Scotland